The family of the beryl mineral is where emeralds are grouped. This green color stone is distinctive among this mineral family with a rich and is in just a few places around the world. Emeralds are located in igneous, metamorphic, as well as sedimentary rocks and for more than 5000 years, emeralds are a valuable gemstone is most desirable.
While it was in Ancient civilizations emeralds were discovered independently in Africa, Asia, as well as South America. Today, there are four countries that have the most emerald production: Brazil, Colombia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It is these countries where emeralds are mined in large quantities for commercial uses. In Afghanistan, Canada, Madagascar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, and a handful of other countries, minor amounts are mined on an irregular basis.
The Emerald Hollow Mine snuggled in the Brushy Mountains foothills of North Carolina is open to the public. This is the only one in the world where the public can prospect for this beautiful gem.
This is an interesting and unique geological location, where visitors are likely to find any of the 60 several types of gems or minerals. Some of those gemstones are the amethyst, aquamarine, citrine, garnet, rutile, sapphire, topaz, tourmaline, and of course, the emerald.
Every year, educational groups, rockhounds, and tourists come to The Emerald Hollow Mine for the experience of mining one of these gemstones. From the amateur to the seasoned prospector the hope for fulfilling a dream in finding a hidden treasure is a thrill they hope to experience.
The Preparation Of Emeralds
For those born in May, the birthstone is Emerald and for those celebrating their 20th or 35th wedding anniversary, emerald is the stone for gifts of jewelry. It is believed that Emerald color provides those who wear its health and mental vitality. Archaeologist discovers have determined that emerald was found as far back as 3000 B.C. in Egypt and ancient cultures of India. The stone was preserved as a treasure by kings and queens because it is an expensive gem and can neutralize Mercury’s evil effects.
The brilliance and vibrancy is optimized by how this gemstone is precisely cut by skilled craftsman. Even the smallest diversion in cutting affects the gem’s value. Immediately after emeralds are cut, they are placed in an oil which rids the stone of any inclusions.
Emerald can be cut in a variety of shapes from octagonal, oval, round, any other shape a jewelry designer may want. From bracelets to earrings to necklaces, the shape of an emerald can be cut for a customized look.
The stone’s cuts and facets can affect the color can, thus requiring the full attention of the craftsman. In fact, cutting emerald is such a cryptic, nitty-gritty process, that it has its own label: Emerald Cut. Often, to enhance the effects of emeralds, dyes are applied to the emeralds. The city of Jaipur is where the main processing of emeralds is performed and where most of the other countries that mine emeralds send them there to be processed.
Polishing emerald stones is just as important as the cutting according to gemologists. What abrasive is used is extremely crucial as the wrong type can flaw the brilliance, making it less valuable. It can also lighten the emerald and make it look cheap. An epoxy resin is used sometimes to treat emeralds. Running them under tap water is one way to test the authenticity.